- Whilst you explore the subject, narrow or broaden your target while focusing on something that provides the most promising results.
- Don’t choose an enormous subject if you need to submit at least 25 pages if you have to write a 3 page long paper, and broaden your topic sufficiently.
- Consult with your class instructor (along with your classmates) concerning the topic.
- Find primary and sources that are secondary the library.
- Read and critically analyse them.
- Take notes.
- Compile surveys, collect data, gather materials for quantitative analysis (if they are good methods to investigate the subject more deeply).
- Come up with new ideas in regards to the topic. You will need to formulate your opinions in a few sentences.
- Write a outline that is short of future paper.
- Review your notes as well as other materials and enrich the outline.
- Make an effort to estimate how long the parts that are individual be.
- It really is helpful if you can speak about your plan to a few friends (brainstorming) or to your professor.
- Do others determine what you want to express?
- Do they accept it as new knowledge or important and relevant for a paper?
- Do they agree totally that your ideas will result in a successful paper?
Methods, Thesis, and Hypothesis
- Qualitative: gives answers on questions (how, why, when, who, what, etc.) by investigating an issue
- Quantitative:requires data plus the analysis of data as well
- The essence, the true point associated with research paper in one single or two sentences.
- A statement that can be disproved or proved.
Clarity, Precision, and Academic Expression
- Be specific.
- Avoid ambiguity.
- Use predominantly the active voice, not the passive.
- Deal with one issue in one paragraph.
- Be accurate.
- Double-check important computer data, references, citations and statements.
- Don’t use style that is familiar colloquial/slang expressions.
- Write in full sentences.
- Look at the meaning of the text if you do not know exactly what they mean.
- Avoid metaphors.
- Write a detailed outline.
- Almost the content that is rough of paragraph.
- The order associated with the various topics in your paper.
- On the basis of the outline, start writing a part by planning the information, and write it down then.
- Put a mark that is visiblethat you simply will later delete) in which you need certainly to quote a source, and write into the citation once you finish writing that part or a larger part.
- It loud for yourself or somebody else when you are ready with a longer part, read.
- Does the writing sound right?
- Can you explain everything you wanted?
- Did you write good sentences?
- Can there be something missing?
- Look at the spelling.
- Complete the citations, bring them in standard format.
- Adjust margins, spacing, paragraph indentation, place of page numbers, etc.
- Standardize the bibliography or footnotes based on the guidelines.
- Weak organization
- Poor support and development of ideas
- Weak use of secondary sources
- Excessive errors
- Stylistic weakness
- Be systematic and organized (e.g. maintain your bibliography neat and organized; write your notes in a neat way, so that you could see them in the future.
- Use your thinking that is critical ability you read.
- Jot down your thoughts (so them later) that you can reconstruct.
- Stop when you’ve got a really good clear idea and think of whether you can enlarge it to an entire research paper. If yes, take much longer notes.
- Once you jot down a quotation or summarize somebody else’s thoughts in your notes or in the paper, cite the foundation (in other words. jot down the author, title, publication place, year, page number).
- If you quote or summarize a thought from the web, cite the internet source.
- Write a plan that is detailed adequate to remind you about the content.
- Write in full sentences.
- Read your paper on your own or, preferably, some other person.
- Once you finish writing, look at the spelling;
- Utilize the citation form (MLA, Chicago, or any other) that the instructor requires and use it everywhere.
- Cite your source every right time whenever you quote a part of somebody’s work.
- Cite your source every time when you summarize a thought from somebody’s work.
- Cite your source every time if you use a source (quote or summarize) on the internet.
Use the guidelines that the instructor requires (MLA, Chicago, APA, Turabian, etc.).
When collecting materials, selecting research topic, and writing the paper:
Plagiarism: somebody else’s words or ideas presented without citation by an author
Consult the sources that are citing guide for further details.